The Well Protection Program supports the Edwards Aquifer Authority’s (EAA’s) mission to effectively manage and protect the aquifer by accounting for all wells (operational and non-operational) and ensuring they are properly constructed and maintained. Wells in poor condition pose a significant risk of contamination to the aquifer. Through the program, EAA staff documents and inspects registered wells, looks out for unregistered wells and searches for abandoned wells. Here is a list of
FAQs regarding our Well Protection Program (PDF).
State law requires all wells that withdraw water from the Edwards Aquifer to be registered with the EAA. Registration helps the EAA protect our shared water supply by identifying all points of withdrawal from the aquifer and allows us to properly address potential contamination risks.
The EAA routinely performs inspections of water wells within our jurisdiction that withdraw water from the Edwards Aquifer. Wells that are improperly constructed or maintained, neglected, abandoned or located near contamination sources pose a significant risk to the aquifer. Therefore, periodic inspections are recommended as a preventive measure.
If you are an Edwards Aquifer well owner and you would like to schedule an inspection, please click here to request an appointment.
Unused and abandoned wells (inactive for six months or more and in deteriorated condition) can channel contaminated water into the aquifer. Improperly plugged wells can also cause contamination. These wells must be cleared of any equipment or debris and sealed from the bottom up by a licensed well contractor. You must obtain a plugging permit from the EAA before any work begins. Additional permits may be required by other local governmental entities.
The EAA issues permits for all new construction, reconstruction or closure of wells that withdraw groundwater from or pass through the Edwards Aquifer. The purpose of this construction permit program is to ensure that certain quality standards aimed at preventing waste or contamination of groundwater through poorly constructed or deteriorated wells are upheld.
Proper Well Maintenance
Responsible well ownership begins with you. You can minimize problems and protect your water by establishing a routine maintenance schedule based on your well’s features and your specific water supply needs. Helpful information on inspection, keeping well records, water sampling your well, and a well protection checklist can be found in this section.