1990 Hydrologic Data Report – Compilation of Hydrologic Data for the Edwards Aquifer, San Antonio Area, Texas, 1990, with 1934-90 Summary
|Author||Brown DS, Gilhousen JR and Nalley GM (US Geological Survey)|
|Description||Annual report for 1990 on recharge, discharge, water levels and water quality in the Edwards Aquifer San Antonio Region|
|Report Number||Bulletin 50|
|Publisher||Edwards Underground Water District|
|Location||Edwards Aquifer - San Antonio Area|
The average estimated annual ground-water recharge to the Edwards aquifer in the San Antonio area, Texas, from 1934 through 1990 was 636,700 acre-feet. Recharge in 1990 was 1,123,200 acre-feet, which is the eighth largest estimated annual recharge since 1934. The maximum annual recharge of 2,003,600 acre-feet occurred in 1987, and a minimum annual recharge of 43,700 acre-feet occurred in 1956.
The estimated annual discharge from the Edwards aquifer by wells and springs in 1990 was 730,000 acre-feet, which is the seventeenth largest calculated annual discharge since 1934. Annual discharge by wells and springs ranged from a maximum of 960,900 acre-feet in 1977 to a minimum of 388,800 acre-feet in 1955.
Water levels in many of the wells during 1990 fluctuated near the midpoint between record high and low levels, reflecting a greater-than- to about average volume of ground water in storage in the aquifer during most of the year. In 1990, water levels rose during the early winter and early spring, after which water levels generally remained about average in most of the area.
Water samples from 87 wells (including wells drilled in 1985 that transect the freshwater/saline-water interface) and 3 springs in the Edwards aquifer were analyzed for more than 90 properties or constituents, most of which affect the suitability of the water for domestic use. Concentrations of constituents in water from the freshwater zone did not exceed the maximum contaminant levels established for public water systems. Trace concentrations of volatile organic compounds, however, were detected in samples from 14 wells.
Surface-water data for the San Antonio area, which were used to calculate annual recharge to and annual discharge from the Edwards aquifer, consisted of discharge data for streams and springs and contents-data for reservoirs. These data are stored in the National Water Information System, a computerized data base operated by the U.S. Geological Survey.