Edwards Aquifer Hydrogeologic Report for 1996

Author James GD, Mireles J, Molina D, Snyder GL, Walthour SD and Kipp GK
Year 1997
Description Annual report for 1996 on recharge, discharge, water levels and water quality in the Edwards Aquifer San Antonio Region
Report Number 97-01
Publisher Edwards Aquifer Authority
Location Edwards Aquifer Balcones Fault Zone San Antonio Segment
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The average estimated annual groundwater recharge to the Edwards Aquifer in the San Antonio area from 1934 through 1996 was 668,700 acre-feet. Recharge in 1996 was 324,300 acre-feet, which was well below the regional average. The lowest annual recharge of 43.700 acre-feet occurred in 1956, and the highest annual recharge of 2,486,000 acre-feet occurred in 1992.

The estimated annual discharge from the Edwards Aquifer through wells and springs in 1996 was 705,600 acre-feet. The lowest annual discharge through wells and springs was 388,800 acre-feet, which occurred in 1955.

Water-level data during 1996 reflected a general decrease in water recharging the aquifer and an increase in pumping during the year.

Results of the Authority’s 1996 water-quality monitoring program illustrate the continued excellent quality of water in the Edwards Aquifer. In 1996, the Authority collected water-quality samples from wells, springs and stream basins, which were analyzed for major ions, minor elements, pesticides, herbicides, volatile organics/aromatics and nutrients. Laboratory analyses of well samples indicated no detectable levels of any volatile organic compounds. Laboratory analyses of samples from several wells contained minor element concentrations slightly above the minimum analytical detection limit for these constituents. but these values are extremely low in magnitude. Laboratory analyses of the surface water samples collected in 1996 indicated no evidence of detectable concentrations of pesticides, VOCs or other constituents or parameters in excess of typical standards.