Ground-Water Discharge from the Edwards and Associated Limestones, San Antonio Area, Texas, 1969

Author Puente C (US Geological Survey)
Year 1970
Description Annual report for 1969 on discharge from the Edwards Aquifer issued by the Edwards Underground Water District
Report Number Bulletin 23
Publisher Edwards Underground Water District
Location Edwards Aquifer Balcones Fault Zone San Antonio Segment
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Records of ground-water discharge from the Edwards and associated limestones in the San Antonio area during 1969 are summarized in this report. The compilation of these basic records is part of a continuing hydrologic investigation by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the Edwards Underground water District and the Texas Water Development Board. Previous reports are given in the list of references.

The spring discharge was compiled from records of gages operated by the U.S. Geological Survey at the points of discharge. Pumpage for agriculture was estimated from power consumption and irrigation acreage. Records of the annual canvass of pumpage in the San Antonio area by the Texas Water Development Board were used to compile municipal, military, and industrial usage.

The estimated discharge from the Edwards and associated limestones during 1969 is given in table 1. The discharge by springs was from San Marcos Springs in Hays County, Comal Springs in Comal County, San Antonio and San Pedro Springs in Bexar County, and the Leona River Springs in Uvalde County. The recorded discharge for Leona River Springs includes underflow through the gravel below the Springs.

Major discharge by wells was from Bexar, Uvalde and Medina Counties, while the major springflow was from Comal and Hays Counties. Wells in Bexar County supplied water for municipal and military use. Other wells in Bexar County and most of the large wells in Uvalde and Medina Counties supplied the irrigation needs for an estimated 50,000 acres. The remaining discharge, principally from wells in Bexar County, was for industrial, domestic, stock, and miscellaneous purposes.

About 47 percent of the total discharge from the Edwards and associated limestones came from wells, and nearly three-fourths of this discharge was from wells in Bexar County. Well discharge in 1969 was 22 percent greater than 1968, while the total discharge from wells and springs was essentially the same. Compared to the 1934-68 average, the total discharge was 24 percent greater.